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Community Groups Weigh in on Proposed 2017-18 School Budget

FeedbackThe community was invited to respond to the proposed 2017-18 Scarsdale School budget on Monday night March 27th. The budget for the next school year funds 8.4 new teachers along with an additional nurse and two full time cleaning people at the high school, bringing the staff to the highest level it has been in the past eight years. However, due to savings from retirements, decreased contributions to the state retirement fund and stable utility and health insurance costs, the district can fund these additions without passing a big increase onto taxpayers.

The $153.69 mm school budget is a 2.15% budget-to-budget increase and includes funds from reserves from this year's budget to reduce the growth in the tax levy to just .96%. Due to the equalization rate, Scarsdale resident's taxpayers will go up 2.15%.

Response from the community was positive overall. School Budget Mtg 2017Speaking for the League of Women Voters of Scarsdale, Diane Greenwald encouraged a "Yes" vote on the budget, saying that it adheres to class size maximums, funds growth in the curriculum, accommodates the needs of special education students and allows for the hiring of a second nurse at the high school.

The League cautioned against budgeting to the state tax cap, saying "We recommend you present metrics going further back in Scarsdale budgeting history, when budget growth reflected prudent and justifiable investments that at times were higher than the "2%" limit, which is a misnomer. Educating the community in this way will be critical to getting the necessary approval if and when the Board must request an override of the tax cap to ensure the quality of a Scarsdale education."

For next year, the League asked for the Board to host community forums or provide opportunities for the public to give input on the budget earlier in the process, and asked the administration to provide a draft version of the budget for review before the final budget is released. They recommended that the district report on gifts made to the schools in the budget document. They also urged the Board to advocate for the district on matters such as unfunded mandates, teacher evaluations and other state and national issues affecting public schools.

The full statement from the League is shown below.

Speaking on behalf of the PT Council, Claudine Gecel thanked the school board and administration for a transparent budgeting process. The PT Council supported the addition of reading teachers, a half time Special Education teacher, a STEAM teacher, a nurse, and a part-time speech pathologist. They urged the Board to come up with a facilities plan to address "long neglected facilities issues." See the full statement below.

Newly elected Mayor of Scarsdale Dan Hochvert spoke on behalf of the Scarsdale Forum's Education Committee. He said that the Education Committee could not offer a formal comment on the budget as they had not received a copy until a week ago and were interrupted by the village election. He said he personally agrees with about 90% of what Diane Greenwald said, and requested that an earlier copy of the budget be issued next year for community groups to analyze. He also said he looks forward to seeing a long-range financial plan for the district from the administration.

Sharon Higgins, President of the Scarsdale Middle School PTA spoke on behalf of the SMS PTA Executive Committee and expressed their "mixed feelings" about the new Mandarin classes that will be offered before school in the "zero period."

Here is an excerpt from her statement: "Although our committee is not making a statement for or against the pilot, we would like to raise the question of how the World Language Report from November 28, 2016, in specific the ScarsdaleK-12 households survey and 6-11 survey were utilized in this decision. Priorities from the parent survey ranked STEAM and Technology over World Language and the student survey ranks Mandarin fourth after American Sign Language, Italian and German. We are concerned about the long-term viability of a program and the attendant repercussions to personnel where there is a demonstrated low level of interest and a high attrition rate."

BK Munguia spoke on behalf of the Scarsdale Teen Center, which did not receive funding from the School Board this year. She said that the decision to cu the funding was made by some who had originally supported the founding of the Teen Center. She also noted potential uses for the space at a time when the library will be under construction, saying, "In a community with space issues does it make sense to walk away from a completed community space?" She said that despite the School Board's decision, the Teen Center will continue with the funding they receive from the Village Board and is currently seeking new board members.

In response to commentary, Board President Lee Maude said the Board would think more about the timing of the release of the budget book, reporting on gifts to the district, holding forums on the budget before it is formulated and on the SMS PTA's comments on the new Mandarin program.

After the fireworks over the Village election the prior week, the mood of the meeting was calm and without contention. It appears that this year's budget should garner voter approval without a fuss.

League of Women Voters of Scarsdale Comments on the Proposed School Budget 2017-18 March 27, 2017

The League of Women Voters of Scarsdale (the "League") annually welcomes members of the Board of Education (the "Board") and District Administration (the "Administration") to participate in a panel at the League's General Membership School Budget Information Meeting, this year held on March 20, 2017 at Village Hall and open to the public. The League acknowledges with appreciation the substantial time and effort that goes into developing the proposed Budget and thanks the Administration and the Board for their additional effort spent in preparation for our meeting. The League believes that the time given for the public to ask questions of the Board and Administration is a particularly valuable service, and offers a unique opportunity for dialogue about community-held priorities and values. This statement reflects the consensus of League members discussed at a League consensus meeting held immediately after the Information Meeting.

The League supports the proposed Scarsdale School District Budget for the 2017-18 school year (the "Budget"), which includes priority investment into well-defined teaching and learning opportunities for Scarsdale students, and recommends that the community vote "yes" to approve this Budget on Tuesday May 16, 2017 at Scarsdale Middle School. However, the League notes that our budget study1 does not include a review of the fully articulated budget details as found in the "Budget Book," which was not made available to the community in time for our consensus meeting.

Budget Overview
The proposed $153,690,765 budget represents a 2.15% total budget-to-budget increase and overall tax levy growth of 0.96%. The budget includes an overall addition of 6.4 FTE faculty for new literacy, LRC, STEAM, Speech, kindergarten special education, and 1 unassigned position; .2-.4 FTE for a new morning Mandarin teacher in the middle school; 1 new nurse in the high school; and 2 new cleaners.

This year, the allowable tax levy growth under the New York State "Tax Cap" law is 1.55%, so the proposed Budget is .59% or $825,689 below the levy increase permitted by law without a 60% override vote. The Budget proposes use of the 2016-17 fund balance of approximately $2.8 million to cover one- time expenses such as the cost of overruns from the 2014 bond project and also to offset tax increases. The fund balance is available this year because of a decrease in mandated pension contributions due to favorable market conditions, lower-than-estimated utility bills due to decreased fuel costs and a mild winter, and 15 teachers retirements at the end of this school year, permitting lower salaries to replace higher ones. This year, the State property tax equalization rate for Scarsdale changed from 100% to ~89%, causing an increase in the share of the total tax levy Scarsdale residents are responsible for as compared to residents of the Mamaroneck Strip. Based on current estimates, the Town of Scarsdale tax rate for 2017- 18 will increase by 2.76%, while the Town of Mamaroneck's tax rate will decrease by 8.40%. These estimates mean that Scarsdale residents will likely pay ~$15.23 per $1000 of assessed property value, and Mamaroneck Strip residents will pay ~$13.53 per $1000 of assessed property value. We note that there have been years when these percentages have been different, and favored Scarsdale over Mamaroneck.

Noteworthy Budget Features
The League recognizes the use of the Transition Plan as the primary driver of the Budget development. We support the Budget choices that link to educational values as expressed in Education for Tomorrow Set 2.0, that support reflection on teaching and learning, including:

• Adherence to established elementary school class size maximums;
• Maintenance of the SMS house system;
• Commitment to the SHS class size norm that the League understands strive for no more than
12% of classes over 25 students, and scheduling practices that support student choice in
course selection and teacher availability for one-on-one student-teacher interaction;
• New curriculum growth in areas such as elementary literacy, K-12 STEAM programs, including
coding and making classes, expansion of hands-on science learning and expanded technology
• Ongoing commitment to special education offerings that meet the needs of more students with
disabilities and learning differences in-District;
• Hire of a second nurse in the high school;
• Funding of certain stated PTA values, including security and sustainability programs.

The League also supports the Budget items that maintain long-term fiscal health, such as:
• Regular planned investment into the budget focus areas defined by the Transition Plan2 that have their own funding goals, and can 'smooth out' spending over time to avoid one-time expenses that may surprise;
• Funding of reserves that provide for a 'rainy day' and help to secure the District's Aaa bond
• Maintenance of the self-insured health care program that has saved the District [an estimated] $7
million over the past five years, as compared to Empire, according to District calculations.

The League recommends that revenues and expenses that are not part of a budget document but are important components of a district financial plan be provided as an addendum to the budget document. This addendum would list gifts from the Scarsdale Schools Education Foundation, PTAs, local organizations as well as individuals.

State Imposed Tax Levy Limit (the 'tax cap')
The League reiterates our continued support of the Administration and the Board's stated policy of not budgeting to the state-calculated tax cap. Though we understand that the arbitrary "line" created by the tax cap law requires 60% voter approval for override, and thus is necessary to be addressed during the budget development process, the League does not think the cap should be the standard by which the Board measures its fiduciary duty to the community.

The League recommends the Board and Administration continue to resist using the tax cap as a single- point guiding metric. We recommend you present metrics going further back in Scarsdale budgeting history, when budget growth reflected prudent and justifiable investments that at times were higher than the '2%' limit, which is a misnomer. Educating the community in this way will be critical to getting the necessary approval if and when the Board must request an override of the tax cap to ensure the quality of a Scarsdale education.

Capital Investment and Budget Cuts
The League reiterates our recommendation for regular, planned investment for capital improvements, and commends the Administration and the Board for committing funding for capital improvements in this year's operating Budget. However, after years of underfunding during recession years, the League wonders if cuts made to capital projects during Budget Study Session 4 on March 13th constitute a missed opportunity to chip away at what we understand is a significant backlog of capital needs. The League encourages the Board and the Administration to question the rationales and reconsider the reductions made to certain ongoing capital maintenance projects that we assume are priority; such as, but not limited to, the SMS faculty bathrooms, the asbestos abatement program, replacing aging computer monitors and the second (field) stairs replacement project at Fox Meadow (which might see an efficiency of scale benefit if completed simultaneously.)

Professional Development
The League values teacher excellence as critical to Scarsdale's educational success and commends the Administration's work to build on a faculty culture that promotes reflection and welcomes 'authentic feedback.' With an influx of new teachers to the District, the League applauds funding for professional development, focusing on special programs that buttress, mentor and even showcase new faculty in constructive and exciting ways. The League understands the clarification made during the League presentation that State tenure law does not permit the District to mandate that teachers with tenure participate in District-provided professional development offerings. We hope, just the same that the Administration will encourage all teachers to recognize the value of lifelong learning as vital to maintaining the highest standards of the profession. We encourage the District to continue to make professional development attractive, attainable and appropriate for all faculty members. The League supports the efforts by the Administration in each of our seven schools to create a culture where teachers welcome feedback and are encouraged to regularly reflect on and enrich their own effectiveness.

Budget Process
We commend the Administration and, in particular Assistant Superintendent Mattey, on the clear and comprehensive presentations, starting last December and continuing through the four Budget Sessions, outlining the 2017-18 budget development. However, we note that the budget presentations at the December 12, 2016, Board meeting, or the two in January, were not listed as such on the Board calendar.

The League recommends that the Board of Education calendar reflect all the Budget presentations throughout the budget development process and identify them as part of the
Budget process.

The question of how the Board and Administration solicit input and interpret community values during budget analysis remains, for the second year, a League concern. This year, like last year, the Budget season includes just this one community forum, a week before the Board is scheduled to vote on the Budget. The full Budget Book was made available only after the League's informational session and consensus meeting. Although residents are permitted to comment during every Board meeting, there is no opportunity for dialogue with the Administration or Board, and the League is not aware of any formal or informal processes by which the Administration or Board proactively solicits input from the community on issues related to the budget during its development.

The League recommends that the Administration and Board identify new ways to proactively solicit community input during the budget development process-- not just in the form of formal question submission. The League would welcome the restoration of an additional community forum, earlier in the process that offers the community direct Q+A opportunities with the Administration and the Board. Further, we recommend that the Budget Book be made available, albeit in draft form, in January for both the Board and the community.
The League recognizes that the Budget development process has changed over the last few years and we are trying to change our approach to studying the Budget so that we most effectively inform our membership and the community and offer the Board and the Administration thorough and considered recommendations. We believe our voice has value to your process and recommend that the Administration and Board work with the League this spring while setting calendars, in order to help us realign our study protocol with current budget development practice. Further, we recommend that the Board consider designating a Board Liaison to the League to better facilitate communication with our League School Budget committee.

Communications, Next Steps
The League commends last year's development of plans for District communications, but recognizes that Scarsdale residents are busy people, and as such, don't often 'tune in' to school issues until they are either personally pressing or the issue has grown fully adversarial. There are pending issues on the horizon, such as: determining the best use of mandated and contractually negotiated increases in classroom time; prioritizing district-wide capital needs that will be detailed in the long-awaited Facilities Master Plan; resolving the scope of the Greenacres School project plans; confirming assumptions for use of the upcoming debt service drop off; delivering a long range financial plan; and creating the next iteration of the District's multi-year 'Transition Plan.' The League foresees the need for the broader community to engage in constructive ways that go beyond the loudest voices at the microphone. The League commends the Board for its encouragement of written communication to the Board and the stated commitment to respond to all incoming correspondence, but we wonder how the Board then identifies, analyzes, integrates and communicates any trends found in these private correspondences as part of transparent decision- making practices.

The League recommends that the Administration and Board find ways to engage early interest in District issues, actively seek input from stakeholders to identify the range of community sentiment, create spaces for dialogue, offer greater agency to stakeholders and build solid buy-in when needed.3 The League further recommends that any established Board protocols for community interaction be made publicly known.

Advocacy for District Values in the State and Federal Landscape:
The League understands that State and Federal policies impact the district in ways that do not always reflect our own community values or serve our students' best interests. The League reiterates our concerns that challenges from the State and the Federal government continue to undermine the local democratic processes that have allowed Scarsdale community values to shape our public school system. The League thanks the Administration and Board for their commitment to Political Outreach as part of the Transition Plan, and encourages more regular reports that inform the community on issues facing the District in the wider public education landscape, particularly in the areas of unfunded mandates, State testing, teacher evaluation mandates such as APPR, and on issues of State Aid. The League encourages the Board's ongoing interactions with our local lawmakers, New York State Regents, regional and state school boards associations, and other education advocacy organizations.

The League reiterates our recommendation that the Board and Administration take on a greater role in advocacy and leadership for our District and for public school in general.
Thank you for your consideration of the League's report.

Diane Greenwald
School Budget Study Chair
League of Women Voters of Scarsdale

Deb Morel
League of Women Voters of Scarsdale

Scarsdale PTC EC Comments - 2017/18 Proposed School Budget

Hi. I'm Claudine Gecel, one of the Scarsdale School's PT Council Budget Chairs. I'd also like to introduce two new Budget Chairs, Susan Lee-Foley and Wendy Huo. Tonight, we'd like to commend the School Board, the District Administration, and all the other hard-working staff who contributed to this year's organized, transparent budgeting process. And of course, we welcome the opportunity to comment!

As parents of school-aged children, we appreciate the efforts made by members of the BOE, and the District Administration, to present a financially responsible budget - One with a tax levy increase of less than 1%, and a budget-to-budget increase of 2.15%. Despite the fact that roughly 80% of our school budget is determined by outside forces, we believe this budget provides for an excellent public education - both for today and tomorrow. The Scarsdale PT Council's Executive Committee firmly supports this budget, and encourages the community to vote on May 16th, 2017.

That said, there are a few points we'd like to highlight:

1.) To further our shared value of maintaining established class size practices, and to ensure that students of all learning styles are able to access the general curriculum, we support the decision to add 2.5 Reading Teachers, and an additional .5 (half-time) Special Education Teacher to the Elementary Schools. We also support adding a second School Nurse, and a dedicated part-time Speech Pathologist, to the High School.

2.) The Council Executive Committee also supports the hiring of an additional STEAM teacher, for the High School, to continue last year's efforts of expanding our STEAM offerings. Likewise, we endorse the revitalization of a District-Wide Sustainability Committee that will include District Employees, Parents, and Students. The Council continues to support Sustainability Initiatives that promote Environmentally Responsible behavior.

3.) The Committee also understands that the District has postponed many Capital Projects during this past economic downturn. While the District has several Long Term Bonds coming due, building an annual budget which begins addressing Long-Neglected Facilities Issues should make everyone feel better about the health and safety of the buildings where our children learn. We're also glad to hear the District is working with a safety consultant. We urge the Board to ensure that the consultant's recommendations have the required funding.

Once again, the PT Council Executive Committee supports this budget in its current form, and also thanks the Board of Education, and the District Administration, for being responsible stewards of our financial resources.

Thanks so much for your time and attention!